Maine: An Encyclopedia
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

History

September 9

Farm Stand in Westfield on U.S. Route 1 (September 2001)

September 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1849 Birth date of Maine author Sarah Orne Jewett … Continue reading

Posted in History, Historical Dates | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Shell Middens

Whaleback Shell Midden Sign (2002)

or shell heaps, are scattered along the Maine coast giving evidence of the lifestyles of its ancient inhabitants. A “midden” is a refuse heap, or less delicately – a dump. Whaleback Shell Midden signWhile they are found all over the … Continue reading

Posted in History, Society, Native Americans, People (non-government) | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Sidney Town Warrant 1937

To F. G. Creed, Constable of the Town of Sidney, in the County of Kennebec: Greeting: In the name of the State of Maine you are hereby required to notify and warn the inhabitants of the town of Sidney, qualified … Continue reading

Posted in Government, Cities & Towns, Primary Sources, Town Warrants, Town Warrants | Tagged , | Leave a comment

Status of Women 1874

1875 Law Giving the Authority to Solemnize Marriage and Administer Oaths

Text of a 1875 law giving women the authority to solemnize marriage and administer oaths. (Click to enlarge.) Prior to 1875, women, who could not yet vote, had no authority to act as a justice of the peace, administering oaths, … Continue reading

Posted in Society, People (non-government), Primary Sources, State Documents, Women | Tagged | Leave a comment

Status of Women 1892

[pp. 13-17] LIST OF EMPLOYMENTS. Women were found engaged in the following employments. Artists. Art stores. Bazaars. Cigar stores. Crockery stores. Confectionery stores. Dry goods stores. Dry goods and notion stores. Dry goods and carpet stores. Dry and fancy goods … Continue reading

Posted in Society, Economy, Employment, People (non-government), Primary Sources, State Documents, Women | Tagged , | Leave a comment

Status of Women 1892 Statistics

Women Wage Workers by Occupation 1892

STATISTICS FROM A SURVEY FOR THE COMMISSIONER OF INDUSTRIAL AND LABOR STATISTICS REPORT, 1892 [pp. 150-151] Out of a total of 2,583 there are 115 who cannot read and 124 Who cannot write the English language, or between four and … Continue reading

Posted in Society, Economy, Employment, People (non-government), Primary Sources, State Documents, Women | Tagged | Leave a comment

Swan Island

Location Map for Swan Island

in the Kennebec River between Richmond and Dresden in Sagadahoc County is the only state-owned wildlife management area that is also a game preserve providing sanctuary for migrating waterfowl and the resident white-tailed deer. It is also the only management … Continue reading

Posted in History | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Swedish Colony Law 1870

Location Map for New Sweden

Law Promoting Swedish Immigration [See New Sweden, Stockholm, Westmanland and the Swedish Colony Report.] Chapter 173. An act to promote immigration and to facilitate the settlement of the public lands. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives … Continue reading

Posted in History, Primary Sources, State Documents | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Swedish Colony Report 1870

Location Map for New Sweden

REPORT OF THE BOARD OF IMMIGRATION – 1870 [This report of the Board is also an introduction to the more extensive Report of the Commissioner of Immigration, 1870. Several similar reports were made in succeeding years. All are available at … Continue reading

Posted in History, Primary Sources, State Documents | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Timeline of Maine History : Home

Beginning Major Eras in Maine History ? Origins 1492 Exploration and Early Settlement 1652 Massachusetts and the Colonial Period 1775 The American Revolution 1790 Developing a Maine Identity 1820 Early Statehood 1850 Growth, Civil War, and Economic Change 1900 Reform … Continue reading

Posted in History | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Timeline of Maine History 01: Origins

Ripples in the Sand

23,000 BCE – 1121 -23,000 The most recent glacial episode in Maine began about 25,000 years ago, when the Laurentide ice sheet overspread New England. -19,000 Climatic warming forced the Laurentide ice sheet to start receding. -11,800 Ice sheet recedes … Continue reading

Posted in History, Historical Dates, Timeline | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Timeline of Maine History 02: Exploration and Early European Settlement

Weymouth Cross, Allen Island

1492-1650 European explorers cruise the Maine coast in search of opportunities for their patrons, especially in the rich fisheries of the Gulf of Maine. Missionaries and settlers follow, bringing diseases that devastate Native American populations. 1492 Christopher Columbus “discovers” America. … Continue reading

Posted in History, Timeline | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Timeline of Maine History 03: Massachusetts and the Colonial Period

Father Rasle Monument

1651-1774 Massachusetts asserts its claim to Maine and takes over in 1652. Royal commissioners set up an independent government in Maine in 166, but Massachusetts regains control in 1668.  Many towns in Maine are incorporated during the period, developing a … Continue reading

Posted in History, Timeline | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Timeline of Maine History 04: The American Revolution

Machias Bay 1785

1775-1789 1775 Battle of Lexington and Concord begins the Revolutionary War. Second Continental Congress convenes in Philadelphia. Benedict Arnold and his expedition reach Swan Island in the Kennebec River, move through the state to Quebec. The British ship Margaretta is … Continue reading

Posted in History, Timeline | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Timeline of Maine History 05: Developing a Maine Identity

Portland Head Light

1790-1819 1790 Portland Head Light lighthouse, located on Shore Road in what is now Cape Elizabeth, is established on order of President George Washington. Population 96,540, first U.S. census. 1791 Incorporation of the towns of Bangor, Camden, and Readfield. 1792 … Continue reading

Posted in History, Timeline | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Timeline of Maine History 06: Early Statehood

Early Maine State House

1820-1849 After a brief stint in Portland, in 1827 the permanent State Capital was designated to be Augusta; in 1832 the state government moved into the new, small State House. Expansions and improvements continued for decades. Maine’s northern boundary with … Continue reading

Posted in History, Timeline | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Timeline of Maine History 07: Growth, Civil War, and Economic Change

Joshua Chamberlain

1850-1899 Incorporations of new town across the state was a major theme of this period. Maine’s Hannibal Hamlin was elected Vice-President of the United States with Abraham Lincoln successful presidential campaign.  James G. Blaine ran unsuccessfully for president. The Civil … Continue reading

Posted in History, Timeline | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Timeline of Maine History 08: Reform and Optimism

Eastern Manufacturing 1910, later Eastern Fine Paper Company

1900-1929 The beginning of the 20th century was marked by the expansion of pulp and paper mills, including the new Great Northern Paper Company mill in Millinocket. Eastern Maunfacturing in Brewer became Eastern Fine Paper Company. Lakewood summer theater in … Continue reading

Posted in History, Timeline | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Timeline of Maine History 09: Depression and World War

CCC men near Acton

1930-1949 The 1930’s and 1940’s were difficult for most Americans. During the Great Depression, several projects set the stage for recovery in Maine, such as the Wyman Dam on the Kennebec River, the beginnings of Baxter State Park, the Moosehorn … Continue reading

Posted in History, Timeline | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Timeline of Maine History 10: Seeds of Change

The Nearing

1950-1974 The third quarter of the twentieth century began to draw Maine closer to national and international events as earlier ways of life were challenged. Salting of cod, a centuries old tradition, ended with refigeration. Indians were given the right … Continue reading

Posted in History, Timeline | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment