Maine: An Encyclopedia
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Historical Data & Maps

Demographic Data Resources

Crime Incidence of Crimes Since 1980 Economy Education Scholastic Aptitude Test Scores and Trends Population Maine Population Since 1741 Population Density by County 1990 – Map Population Density by County 2000 – Map Average Family Size by County 2000 – … Continue reading

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Maine, Name Origin

Detail from an early map of "The Province of Mayne"

Interest in the origin of the name “Maine” continues since, to date, there is no one, clear answer. The name first appears in writing in 1622 as a province, in a charter of the Council of New England granting land … Continue reading

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Map Cabinet

Map of Maine 1778

The Map Cabinet offers selected images of historic maps of Maine. Most are from the Library of Congress where higher resolution versions are available by following the links listed under “Sources” below. The Library’s “permalinks” are permanent links to the … Continue reading

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Percent African American by County

African Americans by County 2010

The proportion of Black or African Americans reported living in Maine by the U.S. Census more than doubled between 2000 and 2010, from .5% to 1.2%.  The total number in 2010 was nearly 16,000. Significantly affected by an influx of … Continue reading

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Percent of Population Who are Veterans

Map: Civilians over 18 who are Veterans by County 2000

According to the U.S. Census, 139,410 Maine residents are civilians over 18 years of age who are veterans of the armed forces.  This number (an average from 2005 to 2009) is down from 159,333 in 1990 and 154,590 in 2000.  … Continue reading

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Population Density by County

Map: Population Density by County 1990

Maine continues to see a migration of its population away from the most northern areas and toward the south and mid-coast.  Within counties such as Oxford and Penobscot, their southern most communities are growing while the smaller northern towns decline … Continue reading

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Population Since 1741

Map: Maine Population 1742-2010

The population of Maine is measured every ten years by the U.S. Census Bureau, and is estimated annually by the Department of Human Services. The graph at right illustrates the increases since 1742 and the declining portion of the U.S. … Continue reading

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Revolutionary War Deposition of Caleb Gordon

Map: Wilderness Route Followed by Caleb Gordon

I Caleb Gordon, aged Sixty three years, a citizen of the United States, born in Brentwood in the State of New Hampshire on oath testify & declare (being now resident in Augusta in the District of Maine) that in April … Continue reading

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