Maine: An Encyclopedia
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Counties

Androscoggin County

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

is home to Maine’s second largest population center – the Lewiston-Auburn area, and is fourth in overall population among Maine’s counties.  It was established in 1854 by taking several towns from Cumberland, Kennebec, Lincoln, and Oxford counties. See an1858 map … Continue reading

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Aroostook County

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

the “rooftop of Maine,” John Steinbeck. This northernmost county, known as “the County,” is the state’s largest, established in 1839, during the “Aroostook War.” Famed for its potato growing, the County’s premiere crop has declined steadily, as has its population. Nevertheless, agriculture still dominates the County’s economy and its culture. Continue reading

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Counties

Maine has sixteen counties, as well as hundreds of local governments. The earliest established was York, in 1652; the latest, Knox in 1860. The structure and functions of county government are similar throughout the state. For a brief sketch of … Continue reading

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Cumberland County

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

the most populous of Maine’s counties, contains approximately 20% of the state’s population with less than 3% of the state’s land area.  Four of the ten largest communities by population are in Cumberland County. See an 1857 map of the … Continue reading

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Franklin County

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

located in west central Maine, was formed from towns and land previously belonging to Kennebec, Oxford, and Somerset counties on May 9, 1838. Smaller adjustments were made during the following fourteen years. See an 1861 map of the county in … Continue reading

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Hancock County

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

is one of two downeast coastal counties located east of the Penobscot River. It was formed when the extensive Lincoln County split on June 25, 1789 by adding Hancock and Washington counties. The westerly portion of the new Hancock County … Continue reading

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Kennebec County

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

is the fourth largest in population of the sixteen counties, located in central Maine and bisected by the Kennebec River. It was formed on February 20, 1799 from the northern part of Lincoln County.  It lost a large part of … Continue reading

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Knox County

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

is the tenth largest in population of the sixteen counties, located in mid-coast Maine and home to about twenty moderate-sized islands, the largest of which are Vinalhaven, North Haven, and Isle Au Haut. It was formed on April 1, 1860 … Continue reading

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Lincoln County

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

is the thirteenth largest in population of the sixteen counties, located in mid-coast Maine. Its early history is well described as follows: Lincoln County was the most easterly of the two counties established, June 21, 1760, when York County was … Continue reading

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Oxford County

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

is the seventh largest in population of the sixteen counties, located in western Maine along the New Hampshire border to the east and the Province of Quebec border to the north. The northern parts of York and Cumberland counties were … Continue reading

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Penobscot County

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

is the thirdlargest in population of the sixteen counties, located in east central Maine, bisected by the Penobscot River and, the newer avenue of transportation, Interstate 95. Formed on April 1, 1816 from the northern part of what was then … Continue reading

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Piscataquis County

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

is the least populous of the sixteen counties, located in north central Maine. Formed on April 38, 1838 from portions of Somerset and Penobscot counties. Initially it had twenty-two towns, two more were incorporated later, Dover and Foxcroft combined, and … Continue reading

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Sagadahoc County

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

is the twelfth most populous of the sixteen counties, located in southern mid-coast Maine. Formed on April 4, 1854 from a portion of Lincoln County. All its initial municipalities still comprise the county: the City of Bath and the towns … Continue reading

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Somerset County

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

is the ninth most populous of the sixteen counties, located in north central Maine, formed on March 1, 1809 from the northern portion of Kennebec County. In 1838 substantial sections of the county were given up to form Piscataquis and … Continue reading

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Waldo County

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

is the eleventh most populous of the sixteen counties, located in mid-coast Maine, and was formed on July 3, 1827 from portions of Hancock, Kennebec, and Lincoln counties. Several adjustments were made in the 19th century, resulting in the current … Continue reading

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Washington County

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

is the fourteenth most populous of the sixteen counties, located on the eastern most coast of Maine. It was formed on May 1, 1790 comprising all land west from the St. Croix River to the then eastern boundary of Hancock … Continue reading

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York County

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

was Maine’s first county, established November 20, 1652, by the Massachusetts act that also incorporated the town of Kittery.  The county included all of the land claimed by Massachusetts beyond the Piscataqua River, which now defines the southern boundary of … Continue reading

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