Maine: An Encyclopedia
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Transportation

Airports

Scheduled Service

In 2006 Maine had 50 airports, 36 publicly owned.  Of the publicly owned, only 6  were served by regularly scheduled passenger service.  The other 30 serve the general aviation community which flies smaller, unscheduled aircraft.  There are some others reserved … Continue reading

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Black Bridge

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The 1909, 318-foot long truss bridge was built by Pennsylvania Steel Company of Steelton, Pennsylvania, replacing an earlier double-decker bridge.  It spans the Androscoggin River between Brunswick and Topsham. According to the website HistoricBridges.org: This double deck bridge is one … Continue reading

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Bridges

Penobscot Narrows Bridge (2012)

Bridges may be classified by several factors: span, travel, form, and material. Five basic forms are arch, beam, cable-stayed, suspension, and truss. Of course, each form may serve several uses, including road vehicles, railroads, and pedestrians. Here are some examples … Continue reading

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Canals

Cumberland and Oxford Canal (2001)

An early transportation facility in Maine was the canal.  The need for public support for canals was recognized in 1820 by the state’s first  governor William King’s inaugural address. In 1834 the Board of Internal Improvements was authorized by the … Continue reading

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Ferries

Steve Longley "Ferryman" (2007)

Inland Ferries One atypical ferry operates on the Kennebec River at Caratunk, where Appalachian Trail hikers are provided sake passage across. Crossing rivers was important to commerce and transportation even in the early decades of the 20th century. Some were … Continue reading

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Golden Road

Sign in Millinocket (2004)

The Golden Road, privately owned and mostly unpaved, extends from Millinocket west over 100 miles to the Quebec border at township T5 R20 WELS, a four hour trip.  It was established in the 1970’s as a transportation conduit for raw … Continue reading

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Kennebec Bridge

New Kennebec Bridge (2016)

This bridge, built in 1931 by the American Bridge Company and slated for replacement in 2013, was described in the Federal Infrastructure Projects web site as noted below. The project replaces an 80 year-old moveable span truss bridge at the … Continue reading

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Lighthouses

Pemaquid Point Light (2001)

The rugged coast and unpredictable waters of Maine have created an environment demanding protection for seafarers. Lighthouses have been built along Maine’s coast since the country began. In fact, there are more lighthouses here than in any other state Maine’s size. There are some 71 lighthouses between Boon Island off York, and West Quoddy Head in Lubec. Continue reading

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Lighthouses, Fort Point

Earliest known phtotograph of Fort Pownal (1859)

one of about seventy lightouses on the Maine coats, was established in 1836, a year after the U.S. Government purchased ten acres of land on Fort Point in Stockton Springs. Joseph Berry of Georgetown built the tower and station for … Continue reading

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Railroads

Maine Rail Map

A Brief History of Railroads Maine Railroad technology was first developed in Great Britain, and included Richard Trevithick’s steam locomotive of 1804 and George Stevenson’s locomotive “Rocket” of 1829. In addition to the standard gauge (width) lines reviewed here, narrow … Continue reading

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Railroads, Narrow Gauge

Narrow Gauge Railroad Map

Starting in the latter part of the 19th century, Maine had a unique system of railroads that ran on rails only two feet apart. Eventually five of these railroads served rural areas in western and central Maine. They were the … Continue reading

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Sewall, Arthur

(1896-1900) was born in Bath, son of one of the City’s first shipbuilders, in whose shipyards he worked learning the trade. In 1854, he and his brother Edward formed E. & A. Sewall continuing their father’s business. It became Arthur … Continue reading

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Transportation

Horse-drawn Road Grader at the Hallowell Public Works Garage (2003)

For the earliest residents, Native Americans, dugout canoes were the vehicles of choice along the coast. Full use of rivers, lakes and streams awaited the invention of the lighter birch bark canoe, which could be carried from one water body … Continue reading

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Transportation, Highway Mileage

Highway Mileage Between Selected Points Here are highway mileage measurements between selected points in Maine:

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