Maine: An Encyclopedia
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Economy

Millinocket

Location Map for Millinocket

The Great Northern Paper Mill and the Bangor and Aroostook Railroad have been keys to the economic life of Millinocket for many years. See photos. The declining employment in the paper industry contributed to the steady loss of population over the past forty years – 42%. Millinocket is the gateway to Baxter State Park and its famed Mount Katahdin. Continue reading

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Mining

Tourmaline from Mt. Mica Quarry

Mining has been significant part of the Maine economy at different times in different places, thanks to its geologic composition. Granite, slate, and gem extraction have been important local industries at certain points in the state’s history. The Mt. Mica … Continue reading

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Monkfish Landings

Monkfish Landings 1974-2011

Commercial fishermen who harvest monkfish, also known as American goosefish, have had substantial landings for most of the period 1974 through 2011.  However, the recent rapid decline since the peak in 2005 is troubling and may signal several year of … Continue reading

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Northern Quahog Harvests

Northern Quahog Harvests 1984-2011

Harvesting Northern Quahogs by commercial fishermen has been a rocky business over the period for which data is available. (Gaps are related to quota regulations to protect the resource.) Otherwise known as “hard clams,” these shellfish are sometimes completely absent … Continue reading

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Nuclear Power, Maine Yankee

The Maine Yankee Atomic Power plant was built between 1968 and 1972 at a cost of $231 million in Wiscasset.  The Central Maine Power Company, its largest shareholder, selected Wiscasset because of its fresh water and ocean access, a nearby … Continue reading

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Passamaquoddy Tidal Power Project

Passamaquoddy Bay (2001)

“Quoddy is an example of a project planned by private capital and supported by pressure groups, but which could not be financed without public aid.” So noted Lincoln Smith in his analysis of the long-studied but never funded tidal hydroelectric … Continue reading

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Periwinkle Harvests

Periwinkle Harvest 1950-2011

Historically low periwinkle harvests by commercial fishermen (averaging about 118,000 pounds per year) suddenly spiked in 1989 to 3.8 million pounds, then crashed to a level since 1993 of averaging about 616,000 pounds. In a narrow range of 6 to … Continue reading

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Personal Income

Personal Income Per Capita

Maine’s personal income per person (per capita) has lagged the national average by varying amounts since 1929.   The state’s percent of the national average (green line on the chart) has not strayed far from the long-term average of 86% … Continue reading

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Potatoes

Potato Pickers (c. 1950)

I saw mountains of potatoes–oceans–more potatoes than you would think the world’s population could consume in a hundred years. –Steinbeck These girls, probably in the 1950’s, had been hand-picking potatoes, then carrying their baskets to the barrels. The small card, … Continue reading

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Poverty

Tenement Housing Usually Serves Low-Income People (2002)

Official Poverty Levels by Family Size Size Income 1 $10,210 2 $13,690 3 $17,170 4 $20,650 5 $24,130 6 $27,610 7 $31,090 8 $34,570 – – – – – – – – – – For each additional family member, add … Continue reading

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Railroads

Maine Rail Map

A Brief History of Railroads Maine Railroad technology was first developed in Great Britain, and included Richard Trevithick’s steam locomotive of 1804 and George Stevenson’s locomotive “Rocket” of 1829. In addition to the standard gauge (width) lines reviewed here, narrow … Continue reading

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Railroads, Narrow Gauge

Narrow Gauge Railroad Map

Starting in the latter part of the 19th century, Maine had a unique system of railroads that ran on rails only two feet apart. Eventually five of these railroads served rural areas in western and central Maine. They were the … Continue reading

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Rank of Maine, Economy

YEAR RANK MAINE U.S. Agriculture Land in Farms, Percent 1992 43 15% 43.6% 1997 40 6.7% 42.2% 2002 49 6.9% 41.4% 2007 49 6.8% 40.8% Land in Farms, Acres 2000 43 1,270,000 943,090,000 1992 43 1,258,297 945,531,506 1997 42 1,211,648 … Continue reading

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Ripogenus Dam

Ripogenus Lake (2017)

Ripogenus (Abenaki for “gravel) is the name given for the dam and the lake created by it.  Ripogenus Lake is essentially a human-made extension of Chesuncook Lake.   The dam [N45° 52′ 47.64″  W69° 10′ 32.56″], completed in 1920, provides … Continue reading

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Scallop Landings

Scallop Landings 1950-2011

Scallop landing by commercial fishermen spiked in 1961 and in 1991, followed in each case by years of reduced landings. Total value was low from 1950 through 1970, regardless of the volume of meat obtained.  Since 1970 total value has … Continue reading

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Seboomook

Location Map for Seboomook

is both an unorganized township and a lake created by the Seboomook Dam.  Just north of Moosehead Lake, half the township and all of the lake are in Maine Public Reserved Land protective status. The 6,880-acre lake has over 69 … Continue reading

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Sewall, Arthur

(1896-1900) was born in Bath, son of one of the City’s first shipbuilders, in whose shipyards he worked learning the trade. In 1854, he and his brother Edward formed E. & A. Sewall continuing their father’s business. It became Arthur … Continue reading

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Shrimp Landings

Shrimp Landings 1962-2011

Despite an increasing tonnage of  shrimp landings in recent years, the 2013 season will  feature a landing quota equal to about 25% of the 2012 season’s landings.  Historically the shrimp populations have varied substantially. Marine scientists believe that the resource … Continue reading

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Skate Landings

Skate Landings 1973-2011

Since 1973 the commercial fishery for skate had two, short lived, peaks.  It  has yet to recover from the decline that began in 1995.  The retuen had been modest at best, reaching $.25 per pound briefly.   YEAR POUNDS VALUE … Continue reading

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Status of Women 1892

[pp. 13-17] LIST OF EMPLOYMENTS. Women were found engaged in the following employments. Artists. Art stores. Bazaars. Cigar stores. Crockery stores. Confectionery stores. Dry goods stores. Dry goods and notion stores. Dry goods and carpet stores. Dry and fancy goods … Continue reading

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