Maine: An Encyclopedia
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Economy

Haddock Landings

Haddock Landings 1950-2011

After declining from 1950 through 1973, landings of haddock by commercial fishermen rebounded sharply to a peak of over 5 million pounds in 1983.  However, an equally sharp decline has left the fishery far from the heady days of the … Continue reading

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Halibut Landings

Halibut Landings 1950-2011

The volume of halibut landings taken by commercial fishermen has never recovered from the relatively large numbers of the 1950s and 1960s.  Following some good years in the 1980s, landings dropped sharply and have yet to recover. The shortage of … Continue reading

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Herring Landings

Herring Landings 1950-2011

While still below the highs of the 1950s and early 1960s, Atlantic herring landings by commercial fishermen have been relatively consistent since the early 1990s in a range of 75 to 95 million pounds.  See this movie clip, about 1940, … Continue reading

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Housing

Chart Home Ownership Maine and US

Maine home ownership in 2010 was 73.8%, compared with 66.9% for the U.S. as a whole. It had dropped from 75.3% in 2006, just before the recession in the housing market. In 2000, the U.S. rate was 76.5 and Maine’s … Continue reading

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Jackson Laboratory

Jackson Laboratory (2001)

is an independent nonprofit genetic research center located in Bar Harbor. Employing over 1,200 people in Maine in 2011, it conducts research on cancer and other diseases. Its research staff of more than 200 includes Ph.D.’s, medical doctors, and doctors … Continue reading

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Katahdin Iron Works

Kilns and Smelting Furnaces at Katahdin Iron Works

National Register of Historic Places – Listings Katahdin Ironworks [Northwest of Brownville Junction at Silver Lake] Katahdin Iron Works Township, T6 R9 NWP, is an unorganized township northwest of Brownville and just east of Gulf Hagas and The Hermitage. Red … Continue reading

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Katahdin, The

The Katahdin (2002)

The first Katahdin, a wooden hulled steam vessel, began plying the waters of Moosehead Lake in 1896. While towing a raft of logs near Sand Bar Island, her steam engines caught fire on May 13, 1913. Work on a replacement … Continue reading

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Kennebec Bridge

New Kennebec Bridge (2016)

This bridge, built in 1931 by the American Bridge Company and slated for replacement in 2013, was described in the Federal Infrastructure Projects web site as noted below. The project replaces an 80 year-old moveable span truss bridge at the … Continue reading

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Labor Force

Chart of Maine Labor Force

The labor force is defined as the total of people employed and those who are unemployed and seeking employment. While growing in the long term, Maine’s total labor force actually contracts from time to time as people stop seeking employment. … Continue reading

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Lighthouses

Pemaquid Point Light (2001)

The rugged coast and unpredictable waters of Maine have created an environment demanding protection for seafarers. Lighthouses have been built along Maine’s coast since the country began. In fact, there are more lighthouses here than in any other state Maine’s size. There are some 71 lighthouses between Boon Island off York, and West Quoddy Head in Lubec. Continue reading

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Lighthouses, Fort Point

Earliest known phtotograph of Fort Pownal (1859)

one of about seventy lightouses on the Maine coats, was established in 1836, a year after the U.S. Government purchased ten acres of land on Fort Point in Stockton Springs. Joseph Berry of Georgetown built the tower and station for … Continue reading

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Lobster Landings

Lobster Landings 1950-2011

After almost forty years of basically flat lobster landings at about 20,000,000 pounds, the catch has trended upward since 1990.  While the value has increased consistently in current dollars, its rate of increased accelerated with higher catch figures. Landings vary … Continue reading

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Lobster Landings by Location

County Lobster Landngs 2011

Lobster landings occur all along Maine’s long coastline.  Stonington in Hancock County is by far the port receiving the largest amount and value of this commercial fishery. Lobster’s $435 million plus ex-vessel value accounted for 77% of the total value … Continue reading

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Lobsters

Seagulls Surround a Lobster Boat, Half Way Rock, Casco Bay (2004)

Historically Lobsters, now a major factor in Maine’s commercial fisheries,  were once so plentiful that Native Americans used them to fertilize fields and to bait fish hooks.  According to Colin Woodward, in 1608 with the Popham Colony failing, Lobsters were … Continue reading

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Loring Air Force Base

Location Map for Limestone

Beginning in 1952, Loring Air Force Base, and, in 1953, its 42nd Bombardment Wing of B-52 bombers, created an economic supplement to potato processing in Limestone. It was renamed in 1955 for Maine’s Korean War Congressional Medal of Honor winner, … Continue reading

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Lumber Industry

Logging Equipment at a Sawmill in Belgrade (2003)

From earliest European presence, the Maine woods have been a source for masts, boat building, housing, and other structures. Later, the paper industry and recreational hunting, hiking, and camping, broadened its importance. Still later, people saw its role in absorbing greenhouse gasses, providing wildlife habitat wildlife, and protecting water resources. Continue reading

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Mahogany Quahog Harvests

Mahogany Quahog Harvests 1984-2011

Mahogany Quahog (also known as “mahogany clams” or “hardshell clams”) harvests by commercial fishermen, in recent times, peaked in 1986.  A drop in the mid-1990s recovered for about ten years, then dipped to about $2.5 million in recent years. Since … Continue reading

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Maple Sugar

Maple Trees Tapped for Maple Syrup on Route 6 in Carroll Plantation (2014)

Maine has a significant portion of the maple sugaring and maple syrup industry with 14% percent of the U.S. production in 2014.  Vermont produced 40%, and New York, 18%. Big Six Township, in northern Somerset County, is said to account … Continue reading

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Median Family Income

Median Family Income

The median income for families is that amount above which half the families have more and below which half the families have less income. It is “in the middle.” According to the U.S. Census: Family. A family is a group … Continue reading

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Median Household Income

Household Income 1984-2009

The median income for a group is that amount above which half the group has more and below which half the group has less. It is “in the middle.” According to the U.S. Census: Family. A family is a group … Continue reading

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