Maine: An Encyclopedia
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Fisheries

Alewife Landings

Alewife Landings 1950-2011

Alewife landings crashed in 1981 and have yet to recover to any of the 1950-1980 levels.  While both the catch and value were depressed through 2000, more recent years have shown a rise in total value and price per pound. … Continue reading

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American Eel Landings

Americal Eel 1964-2011

Otherwise known as the Common Eel or Freshwater Eel, they range in size of up to 6 feet for females and up to 2 feet for males. Color is olive-green to brown on the back, with yellow-green on the sides … Continue reading

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American Plaice Landings

American Plaice Landings 1950-2011

American Plaice had modest landings by commercial fishermen of one to two million pounds from 1950 through 1976.  It then jumped to six million per year that, with a few exceptions, was the minimum landing amount until 1995.  It then … Continue reading

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Atlantic Pollock Landings

Atlantic Pollock Landings 1950-2011

From 1950 to about 1974, commercial fishermen saw relatively low total value and prices per pound when landing American Pollock.  Then the landings increased and so did the total value and the per pound price. As the big landings began … Continue reading

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Atlantic Redfish

Acadian Redfish Landings 1950-2011

The once substantial landings of Atlantic Redfish by commercial fishermen began a severe, and as yet unending, decline, in 1962.  The many years of landings exceeding 60 million pounds has ended, with recent catches well below 200,000 pounds. The higher … Continue reading

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Atlantic Salmon Landings

Atlantic Salmon 1964-2010

The following is abridged from Maine’s Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife internet site at http://www.maine.gov/ifw/wildlife/species/endangered_species/atlantic_salmon/ (accessed December 2, 2012) – – – – – – – – – – In Maine, Atlantic salmon were historically found in all major … Continue reading

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Bloodworm Harvests

Bloodworm Harvest 1950-2011

In the decade from 1964 through 1974, harvests were relatively high and total value was low.  Since then harvests had been lower and prices moderate until 2001 when values doubled and remained high through 2011. Bloodworms, often used as fish … Continue reading

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Blue Mussel Harvests

Blue Mussel Harvest 1950-2011

Prior to the mid-1970’s, blue mussel harvests in commercial fishing were relatively low.  Since then harvests appear to follow cycles, with higher yields in the late 1980’s, the mid-1990’s and the mid-2000’s.  Higher total values followed a similar trend.  “Whole … Continue reading

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Clam Harvests

Softshell Clam Landings Top Ten Towns 2011

While softshell clam landings by commercial fishermen are down from their peaks in the 1970’s and early 1980’s, the total value and price per pound have increased dramatically.  Some of the limits on clam harvests are a result of periodic … Continue reading

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Cod Landings

Cod Landings 1950-2011

The amount and value of cod landngs by commercial fishermen spiked in 1991 to over 21 million pounds and over $16 million in total value.  Since then landings have dropped as sharply as they had increased in 1989 and 1990. … Continue reading

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Crab Landings

Crab Harvest 1950-2011

Included here are the folowing species: Cancer, Jonah, Rock, Spider, and others unspecified.  Since 1950 harvests in the range of one to three million pounds were the norm until a brief boom (2001-2007) changed things.  But recently the old range … Continue reading

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Cusk Landings

Cusk-Price-per-Pound-1950-2011.png

After declining in the 1950’s and 1960’s, the landings of cusk by commercial fishermen rebounded, reaching a peak in 1985.  After another short decline, another peak appeared in 1993, followed by declining landings ever since. As the landings declined, the … Continue reading

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Dogfish Landings

Dogfish Landings 1973-2011

After two closures since 1964, a productive skate fishery still eludes commercial fishermen in Maine. The trendline in the Price per Pound chart is not very informative due to the erratic nature of the landings. YEAR POUNDS VALUE PRICE/LB 1964 … Continue reading

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Elver Landings

Elver Landings 1994-2011

Elvers are young eels. According to the Maine Department of Marine Resources, “After spawning, the adult eels die. The eggs hatch after several days and develop into a larval stage (leptocephalus) which is shaped like a willow leaf. The larvae … Continue reading

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Fisheries, Commercial

Fishing Vessel, Cundy

In 1950, Maine had record seafood landings of 356,266,000 pounds without aquaculture. Maine ranked among the top seafood producing States. In 2009, the last year available for national seafood landings, Maine ranked 11th in pounds landed and 3rd in value. … Continue reading

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Haddock Landings

Haddock Landings 1950-2011

After declining from 1950 through 1973, landings of haddock by commercial fishermen rebounded sharply to a peak of over 5 million pounds in 1983.  However, an equally sharp decline has left the fishery far from the heady days of the … Continue reading

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Halibut Landings

Halibut Landings 1950-2011

The volume of halibut landings taken by commercial fishermen has never recovered from the relatively large numbers of the 1950s and 1960s.  Following some good years in the 1980s, landings dropped sharply and have yet to recover. The shortage of … Continue reading

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Herring Landings

Herring Landings 1950-2011

While still below the highs of the 1950s and early 1960s, Atlantic herring landings by commercial fishermen have been relatively consistent since the early 1990s in a range of 75 to 95 million pounds.  See this movie clip, about 1940, … Continue reading

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Lobster Landings

Lobster Landings 1950-2011

After almost forty years of basically flat lobster landings at about 20,000,000 pounds, the catch has trended upward since 1990.  While the value has increased consistently in current dollars, its rate of increased accelerated with higher catch figures. Landings vary … Continue reading

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Lobster Landings by Location

County Lobster Landngs 2011

Lobster landings occur all along Maine’s long coastline.  Stonington in Hancock County is by far the port receiving the largest amount and value of this commercial fishery. Lobster’s $435 million plus ex-vessel value accounted for 77% of the total value … Continue reading

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