Maine: An Encyclopedia
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Economy

Abandoned

Abandoned Farmhouse in Westfield (2003)

Relics of farmhouses hint at the glory days of Maine’s agricultural tradition. In remote villages, scenes of abandoned homes, churches, and vehicles mark changes in communities as populations ebb. The landscape is littered with these ghosts of Maine’s past, recalling … Continue reading

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Agricultural Subsidies

Farm in Sabattus

The federal government provides a “safety net” to agricultural producers to help them through the variations in agricultural production and profitability from year to year – due to variations in weather, market prices, and other factors – while ensuring a … Continue reading

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Agriculture

Abandoned Old Farm in Aroostook County (2001)

As Maine communities began to lose some of their frontier aspects in the early 19th century and assumed a more settled appearance, civic improvements were initiated. Among these was the regulation of livestock which, in contrast to earlier times, were … Continue reading

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Airline, The

is an east-west transportation route from Bangor to Calais, currently a portion of state highway Route 9. Crossing Penobscot, Hancock, and Washington counties, it was planned as a military road in 1838-1839 during the Aroostook War, but remained unfinished 20 … Continue reading

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Airports

Scheduled Service

In 2006 Maine had 50 airports, 36 publicly owned.  Of the publicly owned, only 6  were served by regularly scheduled passenger service.  The other 30 serve the general aviation community which flies smaller, unscheduled aircraft.  There are some others reserved … Continue reading

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Alewife Landings

Alewife Landings 1950-2011

Alewife landings crashed in 1981 and have yet to recover to any of the 1950-1980 levels.  While both the catch and value were depressed through 2000, more recent years have shown a rise in total value and price per pound. … Continue reading

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American Eel Landings

Americal Eel 1964-2011

Otherwise known as the Common Eel or Freshwater Eel, they range in size of up to 6 feet for females and up to 2 feet for males. Color is olive-green to brown on the back, with yellow-green on the sides … Continue reading

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American Plaice Landings

American Plaice Landings 1950-2011

American Plaice had modest landings by commercial fishermen of one to two million pounds from 1950 through 1976.  It then jumped to six million per year that, with a few exceptions, was the minimum landing amount until 1995.  It then … Continue reading

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Atlantic Pollock Landings

Atlantic Pollock Landings 1950-2011

From 1950 to about 1974, commercial fishermen saw relatively low total value and prices per pound when landing American Pollock.  Then the landings increased and so did the total value and the per pound price. As the big landings began … Continue reading

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Atlantic Redfish

Acadian Redfish Landings 1950-2011

The once substantial landings of Atlantic Redfish by commercial fishermen began a severe, and as yet unending, decline, in 1962.  The many years of landings exceeding 60 million pounds has ended, with recent catches well below 200,000 pounds. The higher … Continue reading

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Atlantic Salmon Landings

Atlantic Salmon 1964-2010

The following is abridged from Maine’s Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife internet site at http://www.maine.gov/ifw/wildlife/species/endangered_species/atlantic_salmon/ (accessed December 2, 2012) – – – – – – – – – – In Maine, Atlantic salmon were historically found in all major … Continue reading

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Baileyville

Location Map for Baileyville

Woodland, site of a paper mill since 1905, is Baileyville’s primary village. (Not the Town of Woodland in Aroostook County.) Baileyville’s eastern boundary is with Canada, defined by the St. Croix River and Woodland Lake. See photos. Continue reading

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Bath Iron Works

Photo: Shipyard at Bath Iron Works (2000)

Shipbuilding has been a way of life along the Kennebec River in Bath since 1743 when Jonathan Philbrick launched a schooner with the help of his two sons. Smaller fishing and sailing craft had been built for years, but a … Continue reading

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Black Bridge

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The 1909, 318-foot long truss bridge was built by Pennsylvania Steel Company of Steelton, Pennsylvania, replacing an earlier double-decker bridge.  It spans the Androscoggin River between Brunswick and Topsham. According to the website HistoricBridges.org: This double deck bridge is one … Continue reading

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Bloodworm Harvests

Bloodworm Harvest 1950-2011

In the decade from 1964 through 1974, harvests were relatively high and total value was low.  Since then harvests had been lower and prices moderate until 2001 when values doubled and remained high through 2011. Bloodworms, often used as fish … Continue reading

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Blue Mussel Harvests

Blue Mussel Harvest 1950-2011

Prior to the mid-1970’s, blue mussel harvests in commercial fishing were relatively low.  Since then harvests appear to follow cycles, with higher yields in the late 1980’s, the mid-1990’s and the mid-2000’s.  Higher total values followed a similar trend.  “Whole … Continue reading

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Bridges

Penobscot Narrows Bridge (2012)

Bridges may be classified by several factors: span, travel, form, and material. Five basic forms are arch, beam, cable-stayed, suspension, and truss. Of course, each form may serve several uses, including road vehicles, railroads, and pedestrians. Here are some examples … Continue reading

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Canals

Cumberland and Oxford Canal (2001)

An early transportation facility in Maine was the canal.  The need for public support for canals was recognized in 1820 by the state’s first  governor William King’s inaugural address. In 1834 the Board of Internal Improvements was authorized by the … Continue reading

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Cattle Pounds

Pownal Cattle Pound (2013)

As Maine communities began to lose some of their frontier aspects in the early 19th century and assumed a more settled appearance, rudimentary civic improvements were initiated. Among these improvements in the largely agricultural world of rural Maine was the … Continue reading

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Clam Harvests

Softshell Clam Landings Top Ten Towns 2011

While softshell clam landings by commercial fishermen are down from their peaks in the 1970’s and early 1980’s, the total value and price per pound have increased dramatically.  Some of the limits on clam harvests are a result of periodic … Continue reading

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