Maine: An Encyclopedia
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Mammals

Black Bear

Bear feces on Lost Pond Trail in Baxter State Park (2005)

text by Craig McLaughlin Wildlife Biologist, Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife Bear Facts Physical Characteristics The black bear, featured above at the Maine Wildlife Park in Gray, is the smallest of the three species of bears inhabiting North … Continue reading

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Deer

Lying Still After Discovery (2009)

From “WHITE-TAILS IN THE MAINE WOODS” by Gerry Lavigne, c. 1998 [major excerpts] Wildlife Biologist, Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife Deer Details Physical Characteristics Maine is home to one of the largest of the 30 recognized subspecies of white-tailed … Continue reading

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Lynx, Canada

Canada Lynx (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service)

The Canada lynx is a forest­ cat of northern latitudes and high mountains. While Maine has long been a home to the Lynx, experts believe relatively few have inhabited the state until recently. It is listed as “threatened” under the … Continue reading

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Mammals

Maine’s Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife has developed a summary table describing well-known mammals that make their home in the state.  To expand  that effective presentation, we have added some creatures to the table. Features Size Habitat Food Litter … Continue reading

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Moose

A Moose in its Leafy Habitat in the Mahoosuc Range of Western Maine

Most text from Jennifer Vashon, Wildlife Biologist.  Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife. Images, video and supplemental text by Jim Henderson. Did You Know… ♦ A lactating cow has the highest nutritional requirements of any moose and eats over … Continue reading

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Rabbits

Map: Cottontail Rabbit and Snowshoe Hare Habitat

The New England cottontail rabbit was, in 2011, a candidate for federal listing as a threatened species. Less than 300 rabbits are believed to be in Maine, most in the south.  Threats include the loss of young forest and thickets … Continue reading

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Red Fox

The average weight of a male red fox is about 12 lbs; females are slightly smaller. They become sexually mature at 10 to 11 months. They breed annually from December through March. The average litter, born during March and early … Continue reading

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River Otter

River otters are water-adapted mammals, with long, streamlined bodies, short legs, webbed toes, and long, tapered tails. Their short, thick fur is a rich brown above, and lighter, with a silvery sheen, below. Adult males average four feet in length, … Continue reading

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