Maine: An Encyclopedia
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Wildlife

Alewives

Adult Alewife

In the early 1600’s a dam was built in Nequasset, now a portion of Woolwich. It was the early primary power source for the town, the site of grist, saw, and fulling mills. The original wooden fishway provided a rich … Continue reading

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Amphibians

Spotted Salamander in Monson (2007)

Amphibians, part of Maine’s wildlife population, are cold-blooded vertebrate (having a backbone) animals usually living on land but breeding in water, where their offspring change into adults. Salamanders An example of a Maine amphibian is the Spotted Salamander. It breeds … Continue reading

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Animals, Vehicle Collisions

Moose Crash Map MDOT (2008)

Collisions with moose and deer are all too common in Maine.  The state Department of Transportation posts signs where crossings have been reported and prepares maps describing the frequency and locations of collisions.

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Atlantic Puffin

Puffin near Machias Seal Island (2011)

This sea bird with a colorful bill lives year round near the coast of Washington and eastern Hancock counties. The largest concentration of puffins is at Machias Seal Island, off shore from Cutler in Washington County. The island is claimed … Continue reading

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Bambi

Photo: Maine "Bambi" Model with Walt Disney (1930)

The Maine Department of Economic Development had a hand in delivering two white tail deer from Maine to the Disney studios in 1938, in response to a request for model photographs for the animation artists in the forthcoming movie Bambi. … Continue reading

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Barred Owl

Barred Owl in Harpswell (2007)

One of about a dozen species of owls in Maine, the Barred Owl is relatively large at 20 inches. It moves about at night to feed on small animals such a rodents, frogs and birds.  This owl has also been … Continue reading

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Baxter State Park

Location Map for Baxter State Park

is a 202,733 acre area operated and maintained for the use and enjoyment of the people of Maine in accordance with the wishes of its donor Percival P. Baxter. It is the largest acreage east of the Mississippi River devoted … Continue reading

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Beavers

Beaver Dam at Dresden Bog (2010)

are the largest of rodents. They have flat, scaly tails, and large front teeth. Beavers use their teeth to cut down and dismember small trees to use in construction projects: their homes (lodges) and dams to surround their lodges with … Continue reading

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Bird List

Endangered, threatened, and other common birds in Maine. The same species may have variations of its sounds depending on the region in which it lives. All sounds in the Encyclopedia have been recorded in Maine. Continue reading

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Birds

Cardinal

Almost 400 different bird species have been recorded in Maine, of which approximately half are known to have bred here. With a little effort a birder should be able to see 200 species in the state during the course of a year. See Ecology>Nature Preserves for locations. Continue reading

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Black Bear

Bear feces on Lost Pond Trail in Baxter State Park (2005)

text by Craig McLaughlin Wildlife Biologist, Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife Bear Facts Physical Characteristics The black bear, featured above at the Maine Wildlife Park in Gray, is the smallest of the three species of bears inhabiting North … Continue reading

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Bobolink

Male Bobolink at Mitchell Field in Harpswell

According to the Audubon Society’s Field Guide to North American Birds, “The Bobolink was probably confined to the central grasslands originally, but with the settling of the Northeast it quickly spread into New England. Now with farms abandoned and the … Continue reading

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Brown-headed Cowbird

Female Brown-headed Cowbird in Nobleboro (2015)

This Cowbird, 6 to eight inches beak to tail,  is a spring and summer visitor to Maine.  Once a follower of bison on the great plains, these birds now inhabit the edges of woods, roadsides, and towns across the United … Continue reading

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Butterflies

Butterflies and Cone Flowers on Monhegan Island (2007)

Butterflies in Maine Monarchs The colorful and common Monarchs range throughout the United States, including all of Maine, especially in rural areas with fields thick with milkweed. Wingspan ranges from 3½ to 4 inches. As forests reclaim abandoned farms and … Continue reading

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Cardinals

Where

These birds are colorful members of the finch family.  The male is well known for its bright red coat, and the female has tinges of red on her fine brownish feathers.  At 8-9 inches, they sport a distinctive tuft atop … Continue reading

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Chickadees

Black-capped Chicadee (2007)

The Black-capped Chickadee is the State of Maine’s official bird.  Actually, the law only refers to the “chickadee,” but there are other species.  This 5 inch bird inhabits the northern half of the United States and southern Canada. In addition … Continue reading

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Cooper’s Hawk

Coopers Hawk near bird feeders in Harpswell, Maine (2014)

This raptor has traditionally summered in Maine but moved south for the winter.  However, climate change may have altered that pattern.  A bit smaller than an osprey, it is still an imposing sight perched near a house. Its habitat in … Continue reading

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Cormorants

Cormorants Congregate on an Island (2010)

These large, black birds are found in Maine primarily along the coast, on rocky shores, on ledges, and swimming in the water. “Cormorant” is derived from two latin words that mean “sea crow,” but this bird is not actually associated … Continue reading

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Crow, American

American Crow (2013)

The American crow is related to crows on other continents, such as Europe, Africa and Asia. Similar to the common raven, also black, it is smaller, up to 18 inches compared to up to 27 inches for the raven. In … Continue reading

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Deer

Lying Still After Discovery (2009)

From “WHITE-TAILS IN THE MAINE WOODS” by Gerry Lavigne, c. 1998 [major excerpts] Wildlife Biologist, Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife Deer Details Physical Characteristics Maine is home to one of the largest of the 30 recognized subspecies of white-tailed … Continue reading

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