Maine: An Encyclopedia
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Ecology

Rank of Maine, Geography

Maine, while the largest in New England, is relatively small compared to other states.  It abundant lakes, rivers and streams contribute to a high ranking for water resources. Unlike many western state with huge proportions of land owned by the … Continue reading

Posted in Ecology | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Red Fox

The average weight of a male red fox is about 12 lbs; females are slightly smaller. They become sexually mature at 10 to 11 months. They breed annually from December through March. The average litter, born during March and early … Continue reading

Posted in Ecology, Mammals, Wildlife | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Red-tailed Hawk

Red-Tailed Hawk in a Tree on the Lunksoos Camps Road in the Maine woods (2014)

Red-tailed hawk, near the East Branch of the Penobscot River in the Maine woods Lunksoos area and near a logging yard in Crystal Continue reading

Posted in Ecology, Birds | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Red-winged Blackbird

Red-winged Blackbird in Newcastle (2008)

is a bird that inhabits marshes, swamps, meadows and pastures throughout the United States and throughout the state of Maine. The male is easily identified by its bright red “shoulder patches.”  The female and the young are streaked with brown, … Continue reading

Posted in Ecology, Wildlife | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

River Otter

River otters are water-adapted mammals, with long, streamlined bodies, short legs, webbed toes, and long, tapered tails. Their short, thick fur is a rich brown above, and lighter, with a silvery sheen, below. Adult males average four feet in length, … Continue reading

Posted in Ecology, Mammals, Wildlife | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Rivers

Kennebec River (2002)

  Water abounds in Maine. It has 73 rivers longer than 20 miles, 39 rivers that drain at least 200 square miles, 51 lakes that have an area of at least five miles, 32 civil divisions that contain at least … Continue reading

Posted in Ecology, Rivers | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Robins

Robin on a Lawn in Spring (2010)

The American Robin is the “sign of spring” for Mainers, when we first notice Robin Redbreast after a long absence. But in southern areas of the state these birds often resist the urge to join their northern cousins who head … Continue reading

Posted in Ecology, Birds, Wildlife | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

This is the smallest bird in Maine.  Amazngly, this tiny, energy-burning bird migrates thousands of miles each year between Maine and the southern United States, Mexico and Central America. In southern Maine it appears in early summer for a brief … Continue reading

Posted in Ecology, Birds, Wildlife | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Ruffed Grouse

Ruffed Grouse or Partridge

Physical Characteristics Ruffed grouse (or “Partridge”) are the most widely distributed game birds in North America. They rank among the smaller of the 10 species of grouse native to North America with weights ranging from 17 to 25 oz. The … Continue reading

Posted in Ecology, Wildlife | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Sagadahoc County Nature Preserves

The Sprague River winding through the Salt Marsh, Bates-Morse Mountain Conservation Area

Bald Head Preserve, Arrowsic. A Bald eagle wintering area on 296 acres and two and a half miles of the Kennebec and Back Rivers. Access is across privately owned marsh or from the river. A trail leads to  the picturesque … Continue reading

Posted in Ecology, Nature Preserves | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Sandhill Cranes

Sandhill Crane in Sherman (2015)

Sandhill Cranes are very large, tall birds with a long neck reaching four feet tall.  They have long legs and broad wings. The cranes are mostly found in the Midwest but since the year 2000 they have been seen in … Continue reading

Posted in Birds, Wildlife | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Seguin Island

Seguin Island Light Station (2000)

Some uncertainty exists about the meaning of the famous island’s name of “Seguin” or “Satquin” according to Eckstorm. One explanation is that “From the east it does resemble a tortoise, whence evidently its name from the Indian, che-quen-ocks, called Siguenoc.” … Continue reading

Posted in Ecology, Islands | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Semipalmated Sandpiper

Semipalmated Sandpiper (2014)

This bird is one of several sandpipers in Maine.  The Semipalmated Sandpiper, described as perhaps one of the most numerous shorebirds in North America, is not a permanent resident, but is does migrate through the state. Those featured here passed … Continue reading

Posted in Ecology, Birds, Wildlife | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Somerset County Nature Preserves

Flagstaff Lake from Bigelow Mountain (2003)

Coburn Woods in Skowhegan. This 300 acre tract is named in honor of Louise Helen Coburn, founder and first president of the Somerset Woods Trustees, which owns and manages the land.  Is contains significant vernal pools with good surrounding wooded … Continue reading

Posted in Ecology, Nature Preserves | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Southport Island

Map of Maine Showing the location of Southport. Green areas are unorganized territories.

Located between Sheepscot Bay and Booth Bay, it is connected by a swing bridge to the town of Boothbay Harbor, and the casual visitor might not assume the town with two lighthouses was on an island. See photos. At the height of the summer, traffic is often backed up at the bridge as boats pass. Townsend Gut is the narrow waterway that separates the two towns. It is a shortcut from Boothbay Harbor to the Sheepscot River. The general store in West Southport village has been an institution for over a century. Continue reading

Posted in Government, Ecology, Cities & Towns, Islands | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Sparrows

Chipping Sparrow (2010)

Several species of sparrows abound in Maine’s collection of birds.  They include the Chipping, Song, and White-throated sparrows. All are between 5 and 7 inches long. In an unusual twist, the female and male sparrows noted here have the same … Continue reading

Posted in Ecology, Birds, Wildlife | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Species, Endangered and Threatened

Eagles Nest Distribution 2008

Since European settlement, at least 14 species of wildlife are known to have been completely eliminated from the Maine environment. To prevent further losses, the Maine Endangered Species Act was enacted in 1975. In 1986, Maine’s first list of 23 … Continue reading

Posted in Ecology, Wildlife | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

St. John River

St. John River at Van Buren (2003)

begins, in its Southwest Branch, from Little St. John Lake in the unorganized township of T5 R20 WELS on Maine’s northwestern border with the province of Quebec, Canada. The Northwest Branch is born in Beaver Pond in the northwestern township … Continue reading

Posted in Ecology, Rivers | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Swan’s Island

Location Map for Swan

in Hancock County is southeast of Mount Desert Island, accessible by ferry from Bass Harbor in Tremont. See amateur film clip. Beaches and picnic areas may be found at the villages of Minturn and Atlantic, in addition to Swan’s Island village. Continue reading

Posted in Government, Ecology, Cities & Towns, Islands | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

T6 R7 WELS

Bridge over the Sebois River inT6 R7 WELS at a parking and picnic area on the Grand Lake Road

This township is home to the Seboeis River canoe trip put-in on the Grand Lake Road. The 24-mile trip begins at a parking/picnic area near the bridge at N46° 8′ 37.07″ W68° 38′ 0.19″. The trip is most successful in … Continue reading

Posted in Government, Ecology, Recreation, Canoe Trips, Rivers, Townships | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment