Maine: An Encyclopedia
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Ecology

Gulls

Seagull Near Monhegan Island (2007)

While commonly called “sea gulls,” Maine hosts three types of these birds: Great Black-backed, Herring, and Ringed-neck gulls.  All are scavengers that eat a variety of items including, fish (such as alewives – see photo below), clams, eggs of other … Continue reading

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Hancock County Nature Preserves

Barred Island, Deer Isle. 2 acre island with spruce-fir and shrub-cover and extensive granite shore ledges. Accessible by landing on inter-tidal sandbar or across private property with permission of Goose Cove Lodge owners. There are no trails; walk along the … Continue reading

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Haskell Island

Great Harbor Cove on Haskell Island (2010)

Haskell is an island in the town of Harpswell, not accessible by land. It lies at the edge of Casco Bay on the south end of Merriconeag Sound. A summer home to seasonal residents, the island retains many features of … Continue reading

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Hobbstown Township

Hobbstown Township Location Map

This township (T4 R6 BKP  WKR) in Somerset County contains most of Spencer Lake, along with the 2400-foot Spencer Mountain west of the Lake, and the 2300-foot Hardscrabble Mountain east of the Lake. With no village settlement, it is primarily … Continue reading

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Hope Island

Hope Island East Shore South End (2015)

This mile-long, 89-acre island is near the southwest shore of Great Chebeague Island. It has been a part of the City of Portland, the Town of Cumberland, and the Town of Chebeague. In 1935 Hope Island, then part of the … Continue reading

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House Finch

Male House Finch (2007)

This bird is found year-round in all but northern Maine. The male is similar to the Purple Finch, except that the latter has a tuft of feathers on its head. The male Pine Grosbeak, another look-a-like, is larger than the … Continue reading

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Insects, Biting

Female Deer Tick

Deer ticks are small, about 1/8 of an inch. They may reach 1/2 inch if swelled with blood. Lyme Disease Lyme disease is caused by a bacterium transmitted to a person through the bite of an infected deer tick. (Actually … Continue reading

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Insects, Browntail Moth

Browntail Moth Larva (2017)

According to the Maine Forest Service the browntail moth was accidentally introduced into Somerville, Massachusetts from Europe in 1897.  By 1913, the insect had spread to all New England states, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia.  Populations of this pest slowly … Continue reading

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Insects, Fireflies

Firefly in Maine (2017)

As I turned out the light in my office, a small wink of another light flickered back at me. This firefly is a Maine native. Strangely, these “flies” are actually flying beetles. They use their lighting abilities in summer to … Continue reading

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Insects, Leaf-footed

Western Conifer Seed Bug (2017)

The Western Conifer Seed Bug is a type of leaf-footed bug, about 3/4 inch from head to tail, that feeds on seeds of trees, especially pine. It is not a destructive pest in the home, but is a nuisance. It finds its … Continue reading

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Invasive Species

sign: "Boaters Watch Out For Hitchhiking Plants!" at Washington Pond in Washington (2003)

Maine, as most places on Earth, is home to native and non-native species of plants and animals. The State of Maine has extensive resources on this subject so there is no need to restate them here. An invasive plant is … Continue reading

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Islands

  Maine has thousands of islands. Many have had an interesting history in the discovery of Maine by Europeans, to granite quarrying, sheep raising, tourism, and summer cottages. Here is a tour of some of the more substantial islands, from … Continue reading

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Isle au Haut

Location Map of Isle-au-Haut

Samuel de Champlain apparently named it in 1604 from the French for “high island.” About half the island is incorporated into Acadia National Park. Isle au Haut is both a lobstering community and a retreat for seasonal cottage owners. It has also been home to author-fisherman Linda Greenlaw. Continue reading

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Islesboro

Location Map for Deer Isle

is the marker for dividing East Penobscot Bay from West Penobscot Bay. It includes North and South Islesboro connected by a narrow segment of land, See chart and photo. Seven Hundred Acre Island, Job Island. The 129 acres of forested Warren Island hosts a state park with a dock and moorings. Grindel Point Light Station in Gilkey Harbor on Islesboro was established in 1850. Continue reading

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Juncos

Dark-eyed Junco (2010)

The Dark-eyed Juncos are birds that live in Maine all year. Ground feeders, they are most often noticed in winter in small flocks under bird feeders. They especially like seeds that fall from the feeders. In summer they tend to … Continue reading

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Katahdin, Mount

A "Lake" of Fog under Katahdin (August 2014)

It was like sitting in a chimney and waiting for the smoke to blow away. It was, in fact, a cloud-factory,– these were the cloud-works, and the wind turned them off done from the cool, bare rocks. [Thoreau] is the … Continue reading

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Kennebec County Nature Preserves

Pine State Arboretum (2002)

The Pine Tree State Arboretum, Augusta. 200 acres of rolling hills and meadows, mature pine and hardwoods and open woodlands provide a rich variety of colors and a diversity of habitats. A pond and open field provide fine opportunities to … Continue reading

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Kennebec River

East Outlet in Big Moose Township (2008)

Windows on the River: Moosehead to Popham The Kennebec flows from Moosehead Lake through the West Outlet and the East Outlet, both of which empty into Indian Pond. The water passes through the ten miles of Indian Pond to join … Continue reading

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Killdeer

Killdeer in Stacyville (2012)

This “shorebird” was far from salt water in a rough open area in Stacyville, northern Penobscot County near Aroostook County.  That was in late May 2012, a bit earlier than when Killdeer are normally expected to be in Maine for … Continue reading

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Kineo, Mount

Map of Kineo Location on Moosehead Lake (1922)

From the 1922 USGS 15 Minute Series, Moosehead Lake, ME Quadrangle, Northwest Corner, from the University of New Hampshire Dimond Library online, accessed 7/24/2004, at http://docs.unh.edu/nhtopos/MooseheadLake.htm The Kineo Cottage Row Historic District is a collection of seven wood-framed cottages built … Continue reading

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