Maine: An Encyclopedia
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Ecology

House Finch

Male House Finch (2007)

This bird is found year-round in all but northern Maine. The male is similar to the Purple Finch, except that the latter has a tuft of feathers on its head. The male Pine Grosbeak, another look-a-like, is larger than the … Continue reading

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Insects, Biting

Female Deer Tick

Deer ticks are small, about 1/8 of an inch. They may reach 1/2 inch if swelled with blood. Lyme Disease Lyme disease is caused by a bacterium transmitted to a person through the bite of an infected deer tick. (Actually … Continue reading

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Invasive Species

sign: "Boaters Watch Out For Hitchhiking Plants!" at Washington Pond in Washington (2003)

Maine, as most places on Earth, is home to native and non-native species of plants and animals. The State of Maine has extensive resources on this subject so there is no need to restate them here. An invasive plant is … Continue reading

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Islands

  Maine has thousands of islands. Many have had an interesting history in the discovery of Maine by Europeans, to granite quarrying, sheep raising, tourism, and summer cottages. Here is a tour of some of the more substantial islands, from … Continue reading

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Isle au Haut

Location Map of Isle-au-Haut

Samuel de Champlain apparently named it in 1604 from the French for “high island.” About half the island is incorporated into Acadia National Park. Isle au Haut is both a lobstering community and a retreat for seasonal cottage owners. It has also been home to author-fisherman Linda Greenlaw. Continue reading

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Islesboro

Location Map for Deer Isle

is the marker for dividing East Penobscot Bay from West Penobscot Bay. It includes North and South Islesboro connected by a narrow segment of land, See chart and photo. Seven Hundred Acre Island, Job Island. The 129 acres of forested Warren Island hosts a state park with a dock and moorings. Grindel Point Light Station in Gilkey Harbor on Islesboro was established in 1850. Continue reading

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Juncos

Dark-eyed Junco (2010)

The Dark-eyed Juncos are birds that live in Maine all year. Ground feeders, they are most often noticed in winter in small flocks under bird feeders. They especially like seeds that fall from the feeders. In summer they tend to … Continue reading

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Katahdin, Mount

A "Lake" of Fog under Katahdin (August 2014)

It was like sitting in a chimney and waiting for the smoke to blow away. It was, in fact, a cloud-factory,– these were the cloud-works, and the wind turned them off done from the cool, bare rocks. [Thoreau] is the … Continue reading

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Kennebec County Nature Preserves

Pine State Arboretum (2002)

The Pine Tree State Arboretum, Augusta. 200 acres of rolling hills and meadows, mature pine and hardwoods and open woodlands provide a rich variety of colors and a diversity of habitats. A pond and open field provide fine opportunities to … Continue reading

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Kennebec River

East Outlet in Big Moose Township (2008)

Windows on the River: Moosehead to Popham The Kennebec flows from Moosehead Lake through the West Outlet and the East Outlet, both of which empty into Indian Pond. The water passes through the ten miles of Indian Pond to join … Continue reading

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Killdeer

Killdeer in Stacyville (2012)

This “shorebird” was far from salt water in a rough open area in Stacyville, northern Penobscot County near Aroostook County.  That was in late May 2012, a bit earlier than when Killdeer are normally expected to be in Maine for … Continue reading

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Kineo, Mount

Map of Kineo Location on Moosehead Lake (1922)

From the 1922 USGS 15 Minute Series, Moosehead Lake, ME Quadrangle, Northwest Corner, from the University of New Hampshire Dimond Library online, accessed 7/24/2004, at http://docs.unh.edu/nhtopos/MooseheadLake.htm The Kineo Cottage Row Historic District is a collection of seven wood-framed cottages built … Continue reading

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Knox County Nature Preserves

Map of Fernald

The Brothers and Hay Ledge Preserve, St. George. These four islands off Port Clyde provide a 12 acre home to a number of nesting sea birds such as the black guillemot, common eider, double-crested cormorants and various gulls, which prefer … Continue reading

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Lady’s Slippers

Pink Lady

Pink Lady’s Slippers or Moccasin Flowers An interesting article by Kyhl Lyndgaard opens with the following: One year before the passage of the Indian Removal Act in 1830, Almira Lincoln Phelps published the first edition of her  Familiar Lectures of … Continue reading

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Lakes

Moosehead Lake (2002)

The following are the locations and sizes of Maine’s twenty largest lakes. Historical ice out dates for Maine Lakes are one measure of the impact climate change in the state. See more details for Maine’s sixty largest lakes. Name Town … Continue reading

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Lakes, Sixty Largest

The largest lakes in Maine, those over ten acres in area, are defined as “great ponds.”  The following are details about the sixty largest. In the table below “drain” refers to the total drainage that leads water to the lake. … Continue reading

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Latitude and Longitude

Latitude Maine, while sometimes appearing to be the northernmost of the 48 contiguous states, actually ranks sixth after Washington, Idaho, Montana, North Dakota, and Minnesota. Latitude measures the vertical distance, in degrees, north and south from the Earth’s equator, which … Continue reading

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Lincoln County Nature Preserves

Entrance to Damariscove Harbor (2001)

Bass Rock, Round Pond. 12 acres look out on Muscongus Sound. There are no trails. Managed by the Nature Conservancy. Park on Back Shore Road. Damariscove Island, Boothbay. This National Historic Landmark (Maine’s earliest permanent settlement) is 209 acres of … Continue reading

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Little Blue Heron

A bird somewhat harder to find than the Great Blue Heron, the Little Blue Heron ranges from the Gulf of Mexico and along the Atlantic Coast to their northern most reach in Maine. They feed in marshes, tidal flats and … Continue reading

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Loons

Loon in Pierce Pond (2007)

may be found all over Maine in its lakes and ponds. In winter they move closer to the coast where they fish in the ocean and bays. Loons are deep divers and swim great distances under water to avoid humand … Continue reading

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