Maine: An Encyclopedia
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Ecology

Acadia National Park

Map of Acadia National Park and Surrounding Area

is in Hancock County on Mount Desert Island, about which explorer Samuel de Champlain created the first reliable European record in 1604. Through the gateway town of Bar Harbor, the Park now receives over 3 million visitors a year, with … Continue reading

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Alewives

Adult Alewife

In the early 1600’s a dam was built in Nequasset, now a portion of Woolwich. It was the early primary power source for the town, the site of grist, saw, and fulling mills. The original wooden fishway provided a rich … Continue reading

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Amphibians

Spotted Salamander in Monson (2007)

Amphibians, part of Maine’s wildlife population, are cold-blooded vertebrate (having a backbone) animals usually living on land but breeding in water, where their offspring change into adults. Salamanders An example of a Maine amphibian is the Spotted Salamander. It breeds … Continue reading

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Androscoggin County Nature Preserves

Entering Thorncrag Sanctuary (2002)

Thorncrag Bird Sanctuary in Lewiston was founded by the Stanton Bird Club in 1921. At 310 acres it is one of New England’s largest bird sanctuaries. According to its own description, Old foundations, stonewalls, wolf pines, and large spreading maples … Continue reading

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Androscoggin River

Androscoggin River from Route 2 in Rumford Center (2010)

rises in the northwestern corner of the state, enters New Hampshire at Errol, then crosses back in the Oxford County town of Gilead. It then heads north at Bethel to Rumford and Mexico before turning south to Livermore Falls and … Continue reading

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Animals, Vehicle Collisions

Moose Crash Map MDOT (2008)

Collisions with moose and deer are all too common in Maine.  The state Department of Transportation posts signs where crossings have been reported and prepares maps describing the frequency and locations of collisions.

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Aroostook County Nature Preserves

Aroostook National Wildlife Refuge

Aroostook National Wildlife Refuge. The 5,000 acre preserve, created in 1998, was once a part of the former Loring Air Force Base in Limestone. Deboullie Public Reserved Land, T 15 R9 WELS. Its low rugged mountains and scenic remote trout … Continue reading

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Aroostook National Wildlife Refuge

Location Map for Aroostook NWR

was created from a portion of the former Loring Air Force Base, which extended for 9,000 acres in the town of Limestone, and other sections in Caswell and Connor Township. One of the many nature preserves in Maine, it was … Continue reading

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Atlantic Puffin

Puffin near Machias Seal Island (2011)

This sea bird with a colorful bill lives year round near the coast of Washington and eastern Hancock counties. The largest concentration of puffins is at Machias Seal Island, off shore from Cutler in Washington County. The island is claimed … Continue reading

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Aurora Glacial Features

Route 9 on The Whalesback Glacial Esker

The town of Aurora is home to two geologic features created by ancient glaciers. Silsby Plain This feature is an example of geologic deltas, which are formed where streams produced by melting ice enter a body of water.  The Silsby … Continue reading

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Bailey Island

Map of Maine Showing the Location of Harpswell, including Bailey Island. Green areas are unorganized territories.

[BAY-lee iland] is in the town of Harpswell on Casco Bay. For over two centuries of European settlement, Bailey Island was unconnected from the mainland. Though proposed as early as 1872, a bridge was not built until the twentieth century. … Continue reading

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Bald Mountain Township T2 R3 BKP EKR

Moxie Bog

is in northwestern Somerset County immediately west of Blanchard, host to the next northerly section of the Appalachian Trail. It should not be confused with Bald Mountain Township T4 R3 NBKP, in northeastern Somerset County north of Moose River. Access … Continue reading

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Baldpate Mountain

Appalachian Trail Directional Sign (2010)

The trail to West Peak on Baldpate Mountain begins at the parking lot in Grafton Notch State Park.  Located in Grafton Township on Route 26 in Oxford County, this part of the Appalachian Trail resumes at a small kiosk. The … Continue reading

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Bambi

Photo: Maine "Bambi" Model with Walt Disney (1930)

The Maine Department of Economic Development had a hand in delivering two white tail deer from Maine to the Disney studios in 1938, in response to a request for model photographs for the animation artists in the forthcoming movie Bambi. … Continue reading

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Bangs Island

East Shore of Bangs Island (2015)

On Casco Bay in the town of Chebeague Island, narrow Bangs Island is just short of a mile long. It is owned by the Maine Department of Conservation and was managed by the Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife in … Continue reading

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Barred Owl

Barred Owl in Harpswell (2007)

One of about a dozen species of owls in Maine, the Barred Owl is relatively large at 20 inches. It moves about at night to feed on small animals such a rodents, frogs and birds.  This owl has also been … Continue reading

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Baxter State Park

Location Map for Baxter State Park

is a 202,733 acre area operated and maintained for the use and enjoyment of the people of Maine in accordance with the wishes of its donor Percival P. Baxter. It is the largest acreage east of the Mississippi River devoted … Continue reading

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Beals Island

Location Map for Beals and Great Wass Islands

is a town in Washington County, located primarily on Beals and Great Wass Islands, along with more than a dozen others. The Great Wass Archipelago nature preserve, in Beals and Jonesport, is managed by The Nature Conservancy. Continue reading

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Beavers

Beaver Dam at Dresden Bog (2010)

are the largest of rodents. They have flat, scaly tails, and large front teeth. Beavers use their teeth to cut down and dismember small trees to use in construction projects: their homes (lodges) and dams to surround their lodges with … Continue reading

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Bird List

Endangered, threatened, and other common birds in Maine. The same species may have variations of its sounds depending on the region in which it lives. All sounds in the Encyclopedia have been recorded in Maine. Continue reading

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