Maine: An Encyclopedia
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Casco

Location Map For Casco

Location Map For Casco

Year Population
1970 1,256
1980 2,243
1990 3,018
2000 3,469
2010 3,742
Casco Population Chart 1850-2010

Population Trend 1850-2010

Geographic Data
N. Latitude 43:57:58
W. Latitude 70:30:50
Maine House Dists 66,67
Maine Senate District 26
Congress District 1
Area sq. mi. (total) 36.4
Area sq. mi. (land) 31.3
Population/sqmi (land) 119.6
County: Cumberland

Total=land+water; Land=land only

[KAS-ko] settled by Europeans in 1771, is a town in Cumberland County incorporated on March 18, 1841 from a portion of Raymond. It went on to annex more land from Raymond the following year, from Poland in 1858, and from unincorporated land in 1876.  Casco is separated from Naples by the Crooked and Songo Rivers.

The town shares the north shore of Sebago Lake with surrounding towns. The Crooked River winds its way through the western portion of the town to Sebago Lake State Park, which is accessible by the Park Access Road in Casco.

Sebago Lake Shore (2003)

Sebago Lake Shore (2003)

Sebago Lake Shore (2003)

Sebago Lake Shore (2003)

The Songo Lock, built about 1830, linked Long Pond and Brandy Pond with Sebago Lake, thus allowing passage of boats from Harrison to Portland through the Oxford-Cumberland Canal in Standish. The Lock straddles the Songo River, shared by Casco and Naples, in Sebago Lake State Park.

One of its most prominent residents was author and Bowdoin College graduate Nathaniel Hawthorne.

Webb’s Mills was a small community near Crescent Lake where corn canning factories prospered in during the late 1870’s.

Songo Lock (2003)

Songo Lock (2003)

Dam and Songo Lock (2003)

Dam and Songo Lock (2003)

Casco is served by U.S. Route 302 and Maine Route 35 north from North Windham, and by Maine Routes 11 and 121, which cross at Pikes Corner near Parker Pond.

It is a rapidly growing community, whose population was up by 15 percent 1990-2000, and by over 300 percent 1970-2010.


 

Medal of Honor

Congressional Medal of Honor winner:

Civil War

EDWARD M. PIKE

Form of Government: Town Meeting-Select Board-Manager.

Additional resources

Crescent Lake Canning Company (Webb’s Mills, Me.). Records, 1917 Sept. 4-1921 June 6. (Cataloger Note: Records of a corn canning company in Webb’s Mills, part of the town of Casco, on Crescent Lake during the early 20th century.) [University of Maine, Raymond H. Fogler Library, Special Collections]

A History of Casco, Maine, 1976. Casco, Me. The Casco Bicentennial History Committee. 1976?

Kluge, Melissa Jill. The History of Casco, Maine. State College, Pa. Jostens Printing and Publishing. c1991.

Knight, Ernest Harmon. Historical Gems of Raymond and Casco. Raymond, Me. Raymond-Casco Historical Society. 1996.

National Register of Historic Places – Listings

Friends Meetinghouse, Quaker Ridge

Friends School, off West side of Leach Hill Road, .5 miles southwest of junction with Maine Route 121

Hawthorne, Nathaniel, Boyhood Home

[Hawthorne and Raymond Cape Roads South Casco] The Hawthorne House was built by Nathaniel Hawthorne’s uncle, Mr. Richard Manning. It is in the village of South Casco in the Town of Casco.  When Hawthorne spent time there the village was part of the Town of Raymond.  Casco split from Raymond and became a new town in 1841, including South Casco village. The famous author spent many days there as a full time resident during the years 1818-1821 before he went off to Bowdoin College. After the Mannings moved to Salem, Massachusetts, the house was used as a local pub known as Scribner’s Tavern.

Nathaniel Hawthorne House (2003)

Nathaniel Hawthorne House (2003)

Nathaniel Hawthorne House (2003)

Nathaniel Hawthorne House (2003)

Richard Manning left money for the erection of a church in South Casco but local citizens thought it best to remodel the old Hawthorne House, which was completed in 1839. Mrs. Manning later married Francis Radoux, a French dancing master and the house became known as Radoux’s Meeting House. The Reverend Samuel Brann, a Baptist preacher, held services in the house as did the Bullochites, a religious sect in the area. In 2015 the house is used for occasional public functions and is administered by the Hawthorne Community Association.*

The Association notes: “The span of 1812-1825 which our Association uses is meant to describe the total period of the Hawthorne’s association with this house, and not necessarily continuous residence in Raymond.” http://www.hawthorneassoc.com/index.html (accessed March 10, 2015)

Manning, Richard, House

Richard Manning House (2003)

Richard Manning House (2003)

[Raymond Cape Road, West side, 0.3 miles south of US 302 South Casco] The Manning House is a substantial, well preserved Federal style home, built about 1813. Its original owner, Richard Manning, was a native of Salem, Massachusetts, who moved to Raymond (now Casco) to manage his family’s large land holdings in the area. Manning, the uncle of Nathaniel Hawthorne, built a house nearby for his widowed sister and nephew.

Richard Manning (1782-1831) was the son of Richard and Miriam (Lord) Manning. In 1816 Manning married Susan Dingley, the daughter of Samuel Dingley, a mill owner and resident of a house diagonally across the street from Manning’s. Two years later, his widowed sister Elizabeth Clarke (Manning) Hawthorne moved from Salem to the house built for her (her sea captain husband had died in Surinam in 1808). This is the Nathaniel Hawthorne Boyhood Home, heavily remodeled in the late 1830s into a community hall.

Watkins House and Cabins, Junction of Raymond Cape Road and US 302

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This entry was last modified: February 20, 2017 01:53 AM

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