Maine: An Encyclopedia


Location Map For Brownfield

Location Map For Brownfield

Year Population
1970 478
1980 767
1990 1,034
2000 1,251
2010 1,597
Brownfield Population Chart 1790-2010

Population Trend 1790-2010

Geographic Data
N. Latitude 43:56:06
W. Latitude 70:55:12
Maine House District 70
Maine Senate District 19
Congress District 2
Area sq. mi. (total) 46.2
Area sq. mi. (land) 44.9
Population/sq.mi. (land) 35.6
County: Oxford

Total=land+water; Land=land only

[BROWN-field] is a town in Oxford County, incorporated on February 20, 1802 from Brownfield Plantation. It then annexed land from Porter three times (1807, 1832, 1855) and ceded land to Denmark twice (1821 and 1907). It also set off land to Hiram in 1852.

Stone Mountain House, an 1880's three story Victorian home located on 182 Main Street in Brownfield

1880’s Stone Mountain House

Brownfield Public Library (2010)

Brownfield Public Library (’10)

Named for Captain Henry Y. Brown, who received a land grant for his service during the French and Indian War, the town sits between the New Hampshire border on the west and the Saco River on the east.

Stone Mountain Arts Center (2010)

Stone Mountain Arts Center ’10

Stone Mountain Arts Center (2010)

Stone Mountain Arts Center ’10

The Gazetteer of the State of Maine (1886) drew this image of Brownfield:

Farming is the principal occupation, yet there are many fine water powers in the town and many mills. The manufactures are long lumber, staves, shooks, tubs and kits, basket-bottom rocking-chairs, meal and flour, clothing, carriages, sleighs and harnesses, etc. The principal business centres, are Bownfield Centres, (Brownfield P.O.), and Brownfield Depot (East Brownfield P.O.) 

An eye has been had to beauty as well as comfort in planting many shade trees, chiefly elm and maple, both in the villages and about single residences.  Brownfield is connected with Portland, 41 miles distant, by the Portland and Odgensburg Railroad, and with Bridgton by stage line.

Foothills Farm B&B (2010)

Foothills Farm B&B (2010)

Brownfield Post Office (2010)

Brownfield Post Office (2010)

Brownfield Town Office (2010)

Brownfield Town Office (2010)

Brownfield Volunteer Fire Company (2010)

Volunteer Fire Company (2010)

Brownfield  School and Community Center (2010)

School/Community Center (’10)

Sheriff Sub-Station in Brownfield (2010)

Sheriff Sub-Station (2010)

The Stone Mountain Arts Center, with its excellent attractions and food, serves not only the western Maine area, but New Hampshire and elsewhere in Maine. In rapidly growing southwest Maine, Brownfield logged a 21 percent increase in population in the 1990-2000 decade, and almost 28 percent in the 2000-2010 decade.

Its attractive rural character offers hiking, boating, and scenic views for both residents and visitors.

Burnt Meadow Mountains from Spring Street (Route 160) in Brownfield (2014)

Burnt Meadow Mountains from Spring Street (Rt. 160) @

Trail Head for Burnt Meadow Mountains Hiking (2014)

Trail Head for Burnt Meadow Mountains Hiking (2014)

Burnt Meadow Pond in Brownfield (2014)

Burnt Meadow Pond on Route 160 (2014) @

Brownfield Community Church (2010)

Community Church (2010)

Form of Government:
Town Meeting-Select Board-Administrator.

Additional resources

Coleman, Mildred Halita Blake. The Blake Neighborhood, Brownfield, Maine, Oxford County. Saco, Me. M.H.B. Coleman. 1975.

Doane, Myrtle. Papers, 1951-1977, 1962-1972 (bulk) ( Cataloger Note: Personal papers of Myrtle Doane consisting primarily of copies of her poems and other writings. Also included are notebooks of her column, “Brownfield News,” written between 1973 and 1977 for “The Reporter,” a newspaper in North Conway, N.H. A few subject files of material gathered by Doane are also found in the collection.

Myrtle Caroline Doane, a poet, newspaper columnist and teacher, was born in 1914 in Lynn, Massachusetts. She married Alfred M. Doane in 1938 and they later moved to Brownfield, Maine, where she worked as a substitute teacher and newspaper columnist. She was the author of several volumes of poetry as well as having numerous poems published in poetry anthologies, newspapers and magazines. Doane died Sept. 2, 1997.) [University of Maine, Raymond H. Fogler Library, Special Collections]

Reminiscences of Brownfield: Short Sketch from the History of the Town. East Brownfield, Me. Mrs. E.A.G. Stickney, 1901.

Teg, William. History of Brownfield, Maine. Denmark, Me. Cardinal Printing Co. 1977 c1966.

Teg, William. Papers, 1959-1974. Cataloger Note: Includes an autobiography written in 1974, correspondence, and notes on the history of Brownfield, Maine.) [University of Maine, Raymond H. Fogler Library, Special Collections]

Teg, William. Photograph Collection, bulk 1955-1967. (Cataloger Note: Family photograph album with many photos of Brownfield, Maine, also postcards from Europe.)

Varney, George J. A Gazetteer of the State of Maine. 1886. p. 139.

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This entry was last modified: September 20, 2017 01:37 AM

One Response to Brownfield

  1. J. Harmon says:

    Another pond there is Pequawket, earlier called Rattlesnake,Lane and Ice pond. The R.R. line traverses the water on a causeway. This was the P&O railroad, still running in the 1960’s. This pond has massive underwater glacial boulders , some rising above the surface. The Saco river twists around nearby. Summer cottages have been added since the 1947 forest fire that burned through the area. There is no public access, although the state maintained a popular picnic area near the main road for many years.

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