Maine: An Encyclopedia


Location Map for Amity

Location Map for Amity

Year Population
1970 156
1980 168
1990 186
2000 199
2010 238
Geographic Data
N. Latitude 45:54:51
W. Latitude 67:51:34
Maine House District 144
Maine Senate District 2
Congress District 2
Area sq. mi. (total) 42.1
Area sq. mi. (land) 42.1
Population/sq.mi. (land) 5.7
County: Aroostook

Total=land+water; Land=land only
Amity Population Chart 1840-2010

Population Trend 1840-2010

[AM-ih-tee] is a small town in Aroostook County, incorporated on March 19, 1836 from township T10 R01, also known as “Number 10.”  Settlement began in 1826 with Jonathan Clifford, Jonathan Greenleaf and Columbus Dunn.  According to George Varney, “The early settlers bought their land for twenty cents per acre, payable one half in cash and one half in work on the public highways.” By 1880 the own had three public schoolhouses.

According to local sources the town was named in reference to the 1794 Treaty of “Amity, Commerce, and Navigation between England and the United States.” Among other matters, the treaty was to settle the New England boundary with British Canada by means of a joint commission.

The treaty never met that goal, which was only achieved by the Webster-Ashburton Treaty that finally concluded the bloodless Aroostook War. Amity, which now borders Canada, was one of the towns within what the British called “the disputed territory.”

Even as Aroostook County has lost population over the years, Amity has managed slow but consistent growth.

North Amity Church (2014)

North Amity Church (2014) @

Split by U.S. Route 1, its eastern boundary is with Canada, defined primarily by Monument Brook. The church is just north of Lycette Road on Route 1.

A veterans memorial is located across the road from the church.

North Amity Veterans Memorial (2014)

North Amity Veterans Memorial (2014)

Form of Government: Town Meeting-Select Board-Manager.

Additional resources

Maher, Hilda. Folklore: Folk Hero John Stockford; legends of Pirate’s Cove; ghost, witch and devil stories; forerunners; jokes and anecdotes; tall tales; George Knox stories. Orono, Me. Hilda Maher. 1962. [Material was acquired for the Northeast Archives of Folklore and Oral History, Maine Folklife Center, University of Maine, Orono. Completed for UM course: Comparative literature 180 Fieldwork done in Amity, Cary, Hodgdon and Houlton, Maine.]

Maine. Historic Preservation Commission. Augusta, Me.   Text and photos from National Register of Historic Places: and

Varney, George J. A Gazetteer of the State of Maine. 1886. p. 71.

National Register of Historic Places – Listings

Reed School

[US 1, 0.1 mile south of junction with Lycette Road, North Amity] According to historical data, the school was kept as many weeks of the year as the town could afford. “All ages from the primer class to young men and women were housed in the one-room wooden building, often painted red, but sometimes white.”

Amity Reed School Exterior (2001)

Amity Reed School Exterior (2001)

Amity Reed School Interior (2001)

Amity Reed School Interior (2001)

The interior of the classroom had the teacher’s platform at the front with her desk and the chalkboard behind it. There was a big wooden chest in the corner that held textbooks. The original stove was iron and had a stovepipe that ran the length of the ceiling to the chimney in the back of the classroom. The children sat on crude benches and desks. There was a chart, a big dictionary, and a tin water pail and one dipper.

The school was one of the centers of community life, the other being the church (see photo above). It hosted evening singing school and a Lyceum for debates and short plays. There were spelling bees and a Farmers’ Club. [Bette Bickford Photos]

 Text is condensed from an unpublished document titled “Informational Data on The Reed School House, North Amity, Maine,” which was prepared c. 2000 by the Reed School House Committee.

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This entry was last modified: September 14, 2017 07:58 PM

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