Maine: An Encyclopedia


Map of Maine Showing the location of Alfred. Green areas are unorganized territories.

Location Map for Alfred

Year Population
1970 1,211
1980 1,890
1990 2,238
2000 2,497
2010 3,019
Geographic Data
N. Latitude 43:28:55
W. Latitude 70:44:18
Maine House District 21
Maine Senate District 32
Congress District 1
Area sq. mi. (total) 27.9
Area sq. mi. (land) 27.2
Population/sq.mi. (land) 91.7
County: York

Total=land+water; Land=land only
Alfred Population Chart 1800-2010

Population Trend 1800-2010

Alfred Country Store in Alfred (2003)

Alfred Country Store (2003)

Alfred Town Hall (2002)

[AL-fred] is a town in York County, incorporated on February 25, 1808.

It was named for Alfred the Great, England’s Saxon King of the Ninth Century.

Though Simon Coffin of Massachusetts arrived in 1764, the first permanent settlement took place in 1770.

Shaker Museum on Shaker Hill (2012)

Shaker Museum (2012)

Shaker Museum Interior (2012)

Museum Interior (2012) @

Later, a Shaker community, including Alfred Town Hall members of the Coffin family, settled on a hill overlooking what is now called Shaker Pond, a 78-acre water body in the town’s north.  The “Carriage House” on the hill hosts the Shaker Museum.

Residence Hall on Shaker Hill (2012)

Residence Hall, Shaker Hill (2012) @

Founder, Brothers of Christian Instruction (2012)

Founder of the Brothers (2012) @

The Shaker community has been succeeded by a Catholic retreat campus on Shaker Hill.  A statue there commemorates “J. M. Robert de la Mannais, 1780-1860, Founder of  the Brothers of Christian Instruction.”

Cemetery Lane leads to the resting place of Shakers, and Christian Brothers.

York County Courthouse in Alfred (2003)

York County Courthouse in Alfred (2003)

The York County seat since 1803, it was incorporated on February 4, 1794 as a district, having been part of Sanford.

John Holmes, who arrived in 1799, was a young lawyer specializing in real estate law, a skill in great demand in the poorly defined properties of the area.

Holmes,  who became a U.S. Senator, provided the impetus for locating the York County Court House, completed in 1807, in Alfred.

Parsons Memorial Library in Alfred (2002)

Parsons Memorial Library in Alfred (2002)

Alfred set off land to Sanford on February 23, 1828 and annexed land from Waterborough (now Waterboro) on July 22, 1847.

Originally, the area was known to the Native Americans as Massabesic and was acquired from Chief Fluellin in 1661 by Major William Phipps. According to Brunelle the price was “‘two large blankets, two gallons of rum, two pounds of powder, four pounds of musket balls, 20 strings of beads’ and several other articles.”

Troop A State Police (2012)

Troop A State Police (2012) @

Shaker Hill Apple Festival (2012)

Festival Sign (2012) @

American Legion Post (2012)

American Legion Post (2012)

Alfred is the county seat of York County and was the site of a Civilian Conservation Corps camp in the 1930’s.

Form of Government: Town Meeting-Select Board.

Additional resources

Chadbourne, Ava Harriet. Maine Place Names and The Peopling of its Towns

Beard, Frank A. and Bette A. Smith. Maine’s Historic Places: Properties on the National Register of Historic Places. Camden, Me. Down East Books. c1982.

Boyle, Frederick R. Early Families of Alfred, Maine. Portsmouth, N.H. Peter E. Randall. 2006.

Congregational Church (Alfred, Me.). Alfred, Maine Congregational Church records vol. I & II, 1782-1866 : members, baptisms, marriages & deaths. Sanford & Springvale, Maine, Genealogical Committee Publisher 1949.

Eastman, Harland H. A Cluster of Maine Villages: Sanford and Springvale, Acton, Shapleigh and Alfred. Springvale, Me. H. H. Eastman, 1991. (Sanford, Me. Robert M. Wilson, Wilson’s Printers).

Eastman, Harland H. Alfred, Maine: the Shakers and the Village. Springvale, Me. H. H. Eastman, 1986. (Sanford, Me. Wilson’s Printers)

First Baptist Church (Alfred, Me.). Records of the First Baptist Church of Alfred, Maine, 1836-1914. Sanford and Springvale, Maine. 1935-1936. The Benapeag Chapter, DAR, 1936.

Parsons, Usher. A Centennial History of Alfred, York County, Maine. Sanford, Everts & Co., Publisher. Philadelphia, Collins, printer. 1872.

National Register of Historic Places – Listings

Alfred Historic District, Kennebunk and Saco Roads.

Alfred Shaker Historic District, both sides of Shaker Hill Road

Holmes, Sen. John, House, US Route 202. A fifteen room provincial style home surrounding an enclosed court.

Lord–Dane House, Federal Street West side, 2 miles North of junction with US Route 202

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